Lot 509 - A192 Manuscripts & Autographs - Monday, 15. June 2020, 04.00 PM

Umbrian Illuminator, circa 1400.

Leaf fragment from an antiphonal with illuminated initial E with Saint Benedict. Tempera, pen and gold heightening with Latin script on vellum, text on both sides.
Orvieto, c. 1380-1400(?). Initial 5.5 x 6 cm; leaf dimensions 16 x 9.7 cm. Textura in black-brown ink, square notation on red 4-line staves. Matted, gold frame (32 x 23 cm).

Literature:
- Subbioni, Marina. La Miniatura Perugina del Trecento. Perugia, 2003.
- Freuler, Gaudenz. Italian Miniatures from the Twelfth to the Sixteenth Centuries. Milan, 2013, p. 508-513.

The present leaf fragment with a standing figure of Saint Benedict can probably be assigned to Umbria. The illustrated initial is plainly rendered. The body of the initial is simply executed in red and blue and in this form usually contains only flourished decoration that extends in sweeping lines and tendrils in the same colours, as seen in the present work. Here, however, the initial contains figural decoration in the form of Saint Benedict. This rather rare type of initial design, with a historiated flourished initial, can be found in a similar form in Umbria, where an illuminator presumably from Orvieto illuminated an antiphonal (dismembered) that follows precisely this design principle, as can be seen in the four hitherto known initials (Freuler, 2013, p. 508-513). Another manuscript with a comparable initial design can be found in the Biblioteca Augusta in Perugia (MS. 2800, cf. Subbioni, fig. 350), which suggests that our fragment originated in Umbria. More than contemporaneous production, the comparatives referenced here and Umbrian examples from a few decades later suggest a common tradition. For stylistic reasons, the present leaf should therefore fall in the late decades of the 14th century, whereas later miniatures can be placed in the first quarter of the following century (Freuler, 2013).
(Prof. emer. Dr. Gaudenz Freuler, Universität Zürich)

Mounted on cardboard. The leaf lightly browned, the illuminated initial in very good condition with fresh colours.

Provenance: Swiss private collection.

CHF 2 500 / 4 000

€ 2 190 / 3 510